Cuba is an independent island nation located in the Caribbean Sea. More than 11 million people live in Cuba. The biggest city and capital of Cuba is Havana. The Cuban people come from a diverse group of cultures and nationalities. Additionally, Cuban culture has been shaped by many events, such as slavery and colonialism.
Cuba is only a little less than 100 miles from coastal regions of the United States. Cubaís northern neighbor is the Bahamas while its eastern neighbor is Haiti. The main Cuban islandís landmass consists of more than 40,000 square miles of land. The Cuban landscape includes flat plains to steep mountain ranges. Cubaís second biggest island, known as Isla de la Juventud, contains more than 1,000 square miles of land.
Cuba has a very warm, tropical climate during all seasons of the year, with average winter temperatures in the 70ís and summer temperatures in the 80ís (Fahrenheit). From May through November there is a lot of rainfall in Cuba, later followed by lower levels of rainfall. Because of where Cuba is situated between the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, hurricanes often hit the Cuban mainland.
Cuba exports large quantities of nickel and is also a world leader in cobalt refinement. Recent oil discoveries could make it possible for Cuba one day to be an oiler exporter.
Tourists wanting to travel to Cuba must have a passport. Those who speak Spanish will have an easier time getting around, but anyone traveling to the island will find adventure and unique culture.
Regardless of language barriers, those desiring to Cuba will find few obstacles to entering and traveling around the country. Because of recent changes in Cuba, Cuban citizens are now permitted to enter hotels frequented by tourists, so those traveling to Cuba can more freely interact with the Cuban people.